Jul 21

No Justice, No Peace: The Women of Argentina and Chile’s Long- Term Mobilization

By Emily McGranachan

 

During the military dictatorships in Argentina and Chile thousands of people were illegally detained and disappeared by military forces. Out of desperation and despair mothers, grandmothers, and other loved ones of the disappeared began to gather, demonstrate, and eventually demand justice in both countries. Mothers and grandmothers of the disappeared are best known from the work of Las Madres de la Plaza de Mayo and Las Abuelas de la Plaza de Mayo in Argentina. In Chile, La Agrupación de los Familiares de los Detenidos/Desparecidos is the best-known family organization. For decades they have relentlessly brought attention to the crimes of the military regimes and have demanded the safe return of all the disappeared. While at first glance these two countries and different groups have many similarities, the methodologies, ideologies, and trajectories of the groups are divergent and at times oppositional. Though the years, however, the human rights discourse that is a fundamental identity of the organizations and the members has remained central.

The varied reactions, adjustments, and development of similar organizations that formed for the same reasons raise questions as to why and how the groups differ. How do members of the groups explain their mission and methodology of women-led organizations of family members of the disappeared during and after the transition to democracy? What roles do the makeup of the organizations and the frustrated reconciliation processes play in the ways the groups reacted to the transition to democracy? Through the publications, testimonies, and writings of the core members of the groups, this paper examines the paths of three major family of the disappeared organizations and their very different trajectories over the past several decades.

 

Read Here: No Justice No Peace

Permanent link to this article: http://nonviolenceinternational.net/?p=2303

Jul 21

The Role Of Human Development In The Lack Of A “North Korean Spring”

By Rosa Park.

It is undeniable that thus far, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), otherwise known as North Korea, has a severe dearth of social movement at the grassroots level. Although Victor Cha covers the existence of social protests within North Korea, this has not resulted in significant social change for a “North Korean Spring” and argues that a “North Korean Spring” is not likely.[1] Respecting the sovereignty of nation-states, change in the DPRK must not be forced, but come from the bottom-up.

However, to address the likelihood of a “North Korean Spring,” we must first analyze what is required for such social movement. Relying on Randall Kuhn’s work in “On the Role of Human Development in the Arab Spring,” the Arab Spring consisted of three human development factors, which were present: 1) “basic human development led to a significant increase in population needs and expectations, creating new policy challenges and reducing public dependency on regimes;” 2) “human development and new information technologies created new opportunities for political protest;” 3) “collective realization of human development gains resulted in new values conducive to regime change.” [2] Using this framework, the main research question that this paper will address is: why have there been no signs of a “North Korean Spring?” What is lacking for such social movement? The argument put forth in this paper is that despite the beginning stages of two of the three human development requirements for political change, there is a missing element of the people’s new values in order to induce regime change.

 

Read Here: Lack Of A North Korean Spring

Permanent link to this article: http://nonviolenceinternational.net/?p=2300

Jul 21

Read: Justice In Morocco: Achieving An Integrative Approach To Reform

Written by: Giselle Lopez.

 

In the aftermath of the Arab Spring, governments across the Middle East and North Africa have been forced to respond to public demands for change while facing challenges to develop and reform state institutions. In Morocco, the ruling monarchy avoided the fate of leaders in Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, and Yemen by passing constitutional reforms and holding parliamentary elections soon after the eruption of mass protests in February 2011. Three years after the constitution was passed, however, Morocco has yet to implement these reforms through substantial legal, structural, and political changes. The development of a well-functioning, independent judiciary is considered a critical aspect of the rule of law and has been a particular focus for reforms in Morocco. The judiciary in Morocco suffers from major structural issues including corruption, inefficiency, and a lack of independence. Although the government has long recognized the need to reform the judiciary, thus far, Morocco has failed to implement changes that are necessary to fundamentally address these issues. This essay describes the context in which Morocco responded to the uprisings of 2011, provides an overview of major issues in the judiciary, illuminates challenges to the implementation of reforms, and assesses the potential for alternative dispute resolution (ADR) to support the judicial reform process. In light of complex challenges facing judicial reforms in Morocco, I recommend that the government embrace an integrative approach to reform by increasing the inclusiveness of the reform process, empowering organizations to enforce judicial ethics, and supporting the development of ADR mechanisms to enhance access to justice. These steps build upon existing efforts in Morocco and are essential for the government to provide recourse to justice and rebuild public trust in state institutions.

 

Read Here: Justice in Morocco – Achieving an Integrative Approach to Reform

Permanent link to this article: http://nonviolenceinternational.net/?p=2292

Jul 21

Read: An Integrative Approach To Peacebuilding And Good Governance

Written by Julius Nyambur Wani.

 

Conflict resolution interventions in any conflict situation in Africa have proved difficult due to competing and conflicting cultural values and practices. Besides the Western-Indigenous binary, there are also the local variations across nationalities and tribes. Whereas the Western techniques have been bitterly criticized for their individualistic, neo-imperial, and low-context orientations, the traditional systems have equally fallen short in majoring up to the imperatives of modern statehood. The notion of ‘statehood’ is foreign and almost untenable. Claiming sovereignty and constitutionalism in highly ethnicized societies is nearly becoming hypothetical. Plainly granted, African ancient institutions of governance recognized only two levels: individual and society.

On the other hand, the purely indigenous governing structures have been impacted and nearly eroded to extinction, both culturally and geopolitically. There are however isolated exceptions. This paper examines the Mundari Model of peacemaking and reconciliation as an evidence-based qualitative case study. The Mundari Model provides a compelling argument because it substantially continues to resist the crippling and delusory effect of colonialism. Not only is the Model rooted in the democratic traditions of African culture and history, but it is also practically voluntary, collectivistic, raw and therefore cheap. Its inadequacies to accommodate and weather national and international regimes, however, demand a renegotiated social contract.

Read Here: Effective Peacebuilding and Governance

 

Permanent link to this article: http://nonviolenceinternational.net/?p=2286

Jul 21

Israel estorba el fútbol en la Palestina ocupada: 2008-2014

En la Palestina ocupada, el fútbol ha sido atacado como resultado de una tendencia israelí de combinar asuntos deportivos y políticos. El conflicto afecta la Federación de futbol Palestina (PFA), una entidad no-gubernamental. Por desgracia, el fútbol y la mayoría de la gente involucrada en él se han convertido en las victimas de acciones de violencia y otros atentados cometidos por el ejército israelí bajo el pretexto de ‘amenazas a la seguridad’. La FIFA intentó mejorar las condiciones del fútbol en Palestina a través de la FIFA Circular- 1385 de octubre 2013. Desafortunadamente, falló en cumplir con su meta.

 

Aquí: Español FIFA Palestine

Permanent link to this article: http://nonviolenceinternational.net/?p=2283

Jul 15

Gaza’s Ark Deliberately Targeted by Israel

It is with sorrow and outrage that we announce that Gaza’s Ark was totally destroyed by a direct hit from the Israeli Occupation Forces at 2:00 AM local time on Friday, July 11th.  It caught fire as result of the hit and was damaged beyond repair. In the context of all the death and destruction caused by Israel, the material damage to our project pales in significance.

Read full article HERE

Watch for more information on Gaza’s Ark HERE

Permanent link to this article: http://nonviolenceinternational.net/?p=2268

Jun 10

NI issues report on how Israel is hindering Palestinian Football

Nonviolence International and Palestine Football Association released a 45 page report documenting numerous Israeli practices which sabotage the sport in the Palestinian occupied territories.   Today, June 10th,  the FIFA representatives have converged on Sao Paulo, Brazil, for the 64th FIFA congress. High on the agenda will be complaints from the Palestinian Football Association detailing continued difficulties caused by the Israelis and the failure of FIFA President Sepp Blatter to address these hardships.

Download the report here: English | Spanish 

FIFA has not fulfilled its mandate” said Jonathan Kuttab, co-founder of Nonviolence International and well known Palestinian attorney.  “This is the first comprehensive report which has documented scores of examples of obstacles enacted by the Israelis in the area of movement of Palestinian players and in many other areas outside FIFA’s current efforts.

The Palestine Football Association has threatened to sponsor a resolution calling for the suspension of the Israeli Football Association.

 The report outlines 5 major areas of Palestinian victimization:

1) Obstruction of Movements of Palestinian Players, Coaches, and Officials,

2) hindering delivery of football equipment,

3) construction restrictions of sports facilities, 

4) Israeli dissuasion of visiting teams,

5)  and violence against Palestinian players.

 

“The pro-active assaults on Palestinian Football will never stop us” said Mubarak Awad, president of Nonviolence International.  “Playing and watching sports is a human right and the whole world supports us.  FIFA needs to suspend Israel for its misconduct.”

 The report was authored  by Mariabruna Jennings and edited by Jonathan Kuttab and Susan Shalabi-Molano.

Download the report here: English | Spanish 

Permanent link to this article: http://nonviolenceinternational.net/?p=2232

May 23

NI Opens Office at the UN in NYC

 

Nonviolence International announces the establishment of our new office near the UN headquarter in New York City. On May 13, 2004, we celebrated the opening with our founder Mubarak Awad, our Executive Director Michael Beer, Finance Director Paul Magno, Treasurer Jonathan Kuttab as well as with David Kirshbaum who will direct the New York office.  We were joined by Mel Duncan of the Nonviolent Peaceforce, John Miller of ETAN and the War Resisters League and others.

 

With our office in the UN, we are hoping to promote nonviolence and disarmament at the UN programs. This is a big step for our organization. Apart from the UN, our New York office will also serve as the center for our Palestine Media Project, which advocates for accurate reporting for Palestinian dignity and rights in the media.  None of this could have happend without the diligent work of David Kirshbaum.

Permanent link to this article: http://nonviolenceinternational.net/?p=2227

Apr 29

Nonviolence International condemns attack on Gaza Ark

Nonviolence International serves as the US fiscal sponsor for Gaza Ark. NI condemns the bombing of the boat and the continued  blockade of Gaza by Israel and Egypt.

Gaza’s Ark Attacked

for immediate release

Gaza City – Gaza

At 3:45 AM Gaza time on April 29th, the night guard on board Gaza’s Ark received a call to leave the boat because it was going to be attacked.

The guard left, but when nothing happened, he returned after 5 minutes. A few minutes later, a large explosion rocked the boat causing extensive damage.

The boat sank part way and is now sitting on the shallow sea floor. The guard was not injured but was taken to hospital for tests.

Mahfouz Kabariti, Gaza’s Ark Project Manager, says: “The extent and nature of the damage are currently being investigated. We will provide an update when available.”

“Gaza’s Ark and all our partners in the Freedom Flotilla Coalition are considering our next move in response to this cowardly act of terrorism, but our position remains clear: Neither this nor any other attack will stop our efforts to challenge the blockade of Gaza until it ends,” adds David Heap of Gaza’s Ark Steering Committee.

“Freedom Flotilla boats have been sabotaged before. This attack comes as we were almost ready to sail. You can sink a boat but you can’t sink a movement,” concludes Ehab Lotayef, another member of the Steering Committee.

- 30 -

 

For information:
Ehab Lotayef +1-514-941-9792 <lotayef@gmail.com>

David Heap +1-519-859-3579  <david.heap@gmail.com>

www.gazaark.org

Permanent link to this article: http://nonviolenceinternational.net/?p=2213

Apr 07

Holy Land Trust

 download (2)

In 1996, Sami Awad returned to Palestine, his home after wrapping up his studies in the States. He wanted to serve the Palestinian community by building stronger better Palestine. When he arrived the situation on ground really hit him.  Politicians kept talking about peace but have done anything to achieve this peace. Sami looked back to his work with the Palestinian Center for the Study of Nonviolence and the works of his Uncle Mubarak Awad the founder of Nonviolence International, decided to overcome these challenges and work toward his goal of a better Palestine

Awad founded the Holy Land Trust in 1998, their mission “to lead in creating an environment that fosters understanding, healing, transformation, and empowerment of individuals and communities, locally and globally, to address core challenges that are preventing the achievement of a true and just peace in the Holy Land”.  After 10 years of community engagement Holy Land Trust continues to focus on nonviolent movements as the way to end all conflict in the Holy Land .

Please Click link below to see video on Holy Land Trust

This is Holy Land, This is Our Vision

Donate

http://www.holylandtrust.org/index.php/donate

Permanent link to this article: http://nonviolenceinternational.net/?p=2201

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